Blackheads are tiny dark or black bumps that develop on your skin due to clogged hair follicles. Blackheads form on the face, but they can also appear on the back, chest, neck, arms, and shoulders.
They are formed when dead skin cells and oils collect in the opening of the skin follicle, producing a bump called a comedone. When the skin over the bump opens, exposure to the air causes it to look black and a blackhead forms. Blackheads are a mild type of acne.
Overproduction of body oil (sebum) by the sebaceous gland is one of the major factors that can increase your chances of developing acne and blackheads.
Other causes include;
Hormonal changes that cause an increase in oil production such as during the teen years, menstruation, or if one is taking birth control pills.
When dead skins cells fail to shed on a regular basis, the hair follicles get irritated.
How to Prevent Blackheads
Wash your face regularly
Wash your face when you wake up and before you go to bed to remove oil build-up that can cause blackheads. Note washing more than twice each day can irritate your skin and make your acne worse.
Hair oils can contribute to clogged pores. So if you have oily hair it is advisable to wash it regularly.
It is also important to wash your face after you eat oily foods, such as pizza because oil from foods can clog pores.
Use a gentle cleanser that doesn’t make your skin red or irritated.
Use Oil-Free Products.
Any product that contains oil can contribute to new blackheads. Choose oil-free makeup, lotions, and sunscreens to avoid making your problem worse.
Natural and especially organic oils like jojoba oil, almond oil and most recently argan oil have been known to influence the skin from overproduction of sebum. Ultimately, this phenomenon helps prevent the formation of blackheads.
Use of exfoliating scrubs and masks. To remove dead skin cells from your face can help reduce blackheads. Exfoliating scrubs and masks that don’t irritate your skin are advisable.
- You can remove blackheads manually. Dermatologists use a special instrument called a round loop extractor.
- Prescription Medications
- Microdermabrasion- a procedure done by a skin specialist. A special instrument that has a rough surface is used to sand out the top layers of your skin to removes clogs that cause blackheads.
- Chemical Peels- a strong chemical solution is applied to the skin by a specialist to get rid of dead skins cells that contribute to blackheads.
- Laser and Light Therapy- Use of tiny beams of intense light to decrease oil production or kill bacteria.
- Over the Counter Treatments